Ransomware is a kind of malware that encipher the files on a user’s device or a network’s storage devices. To restore access to the encrypted files, Ransomware is a way of malware in which the data on a sufferer’s computer is locked, typically by encryption, and payment is demanded before the infected data is decrypted and access is returned to the victim. The motive for ransom ware is mainly monetary where attackers demand money in exchange to give access to your. Whereas attackers always demand for virtual currency such as bit coin so their identity remains confidential. Ransom ware mainly spread through malevolent email attachments, grimy software apps, infected external storage devices and compromised websites. Attacks are always used in distant desktop protocol and other loop that do not rely on any form of user interface.
How it Works ?
Number of vectors ransom can take entrée to a computer. One of the most general deliverance of malware in systems is phishing spam — in this an attachments will be there that come to victim as an email, masked as a file that so the victim should trust. Then it became obvious that the user will download and open because they trust that affected file, and then the invader take over the sufferer’s computer, especially if they have built-in social engineering tools that trick consumer into allowing administrative access. Some of the most violent forms of ransomware, like exploit security NotPetya, holes to contaminate computers without needing to trick users. But finding and extracting such information is a very difficult proposition for attackers, encryption ransomware is by far the most common type.
types of Ransomware which can infect your devices
- Crypto Locker- It is one of the oldest forms of cyber attacks which has been around for the past 2 decades.
- Wanna Cry
- Bad Rabbit
- Golden Eye
Tips to avoid becoming a victim to mobile ransom ware include:
- Always backup Your system, Locally & In The Cloud
- Never download apps using third-party app stores (always download from Apple App Store and Google Play Store).
- Always update your mobile devices and mobile apps
- Never allow administrator privileges to applications unless totally trusted.
- Never click on links that appear in spam emails or in text messages from unknown sources.
- Install Anti-Ransomware software.
- Run regular schedule security scans.